If you want to install a content manage system that everybody can
add to try Drupal. It is built into most distributions. To get it
you also have to have php5, mysql (client and Server), httpd/Apache2
installed. Here is how to do it using Ubuntu. Type as root
in a terminal window:
apt-get install apache2 php5 mysql-client mysql-server php5-mysql
Restart Apache2 to be safe with the command:
Fetch the tarred file with the command below:
Note, your version may be newer, at the time of this writing 6.14 was the most recent version.
tar -zxvpf drupal-6.14.tar.gz
After untaring using the above command, this will create a new directory drupal-6.14/ Now, type:
mv drupal-6.14/* drupal-6.14/.htaccess /var/www/html
to move all the drupal files and the .htaccess file to the web directory above. Note, you may have to create the html directory underneath the /var/www/ directory. You should now see a directory:
Copy the default settings file to settings.php with the commands:
cp default.settings.php settings.php
chmod 666 /var/www/html/sites/default/settings.php so you can edit the file
After the Drupal install make sure this file's permission is set back to read only, i.e.:
chmod 444 /var/www/html/sites/default/settings.php
chmod 444 /var/www/html/sites/default/files
You are now ready to create the database that drupal will use. Go to the terminal window and type:
mysqladmin -u root password 'your-brand-new-password' [quotes are required]
Make additional security-related changes to mysql. Type:
mysql -u root -p
You will now be at a mysql> prompt.
mysql> DROP DATABASE test; [removes the test database]
mysql> DELETE FROM mysql.user WHERE user = ''; [Removes anonymous access]
mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
Create a database and database user for your data. You will use this database and user name in your database connection string. The GRANT statement actually creates a new MySQL user account.
mysql> CREATE DATABASE drupal_mysql;
mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON drupal_mysql.* TO 'drupal_admin'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'thepassword';
You are now ready to run the install, type:
http://localhost/html/install in your web browser. If you get an error about the directory files can not be created, then at the terminal prompt type:
You can then login as the Drupal Administrator and configure the rest of the website. You will eventually want to configure the cron job. For more details please see here . To get started, type http://localhost/html/index.php in your browser. Enjoy!
If you get the message from your browser upon login or logout, This is a phtml file, what should I do with it?
You need to go to your browser and clear the cache. You will find this in Firefox under Tools | Clear Private Data
Since this was written, almost a year ago, you probably will get a message after installing that you need to update. Here is a very brief explanation of how to do it. The detailed version is here.
For more advanced users there is a drush command line utility available. You will need to install the
PHP commandline utility first if you do not have it. i.e.:
apt-get install php5-cli
You can download the latest drush tarball from here . Untar it to the directory of your choice not in your drupal website tree. I used my home directory of /home/victor/ You then need to make a soft link to it so it can be found for use in any directory. i.e. :
ln -s /home/victor/drush/drush /usr/local/bin/drush
There is more info in the file called README.txt about how to use this. If you type at the command prompt:
you will get a list of commands.
Lastly do not forget
Git which is an actually fabulous configuration
management control tool written by Linus Torvalds who invented Linux! This way everytime you change a
Drupal Module or download a new version, you can always get back to where you started. Regardless if
it is an hour ago, a second ago, a month ago or a year ago. When I was a Drupal Administrator this saved
our lives many times.
You are done for now. Enjoy!